The Rules of Cricket

Tournaments like the Ashes, IPL league and the crowd puller of all time, or the ICC world cup cricket, are the reason that the craze for cricket is ever growing. Get to know more about The Ashes here. Cricket is undoubted among the most popular sport around the world. In accordance, it is the most watched, most played, or is the most revenue generating sports worldwide.

Cricket is a game of two teams having eleven players on each side; one team will try to score by batting and score runs. On the other hand, the opponent will bowl and attempt to prevent the other team from scoring by fielding the ball and dismissing the batsmen. The objective is to score more runs than your opponent when at bat or dismissing the opposition’s batsman when in the field.


Although the origin of the game is debatable, there is speculation that it started as a children’s game. Adults adopted it, and later it became England’s national sport in the eighteenth century.

Betting among the aristocrats made the game popular, and it was in this context that new laws were drawn to help regulate the game. Similarly, “Noblemen and Gentlemen” who played on the artillery ground in 1774 drew codes or rules for cricket in London.

Some of the laws that govern the game today were written by certain noblemen and gentlemen, from Marylebone Cricket Club. Through the years, additional rules were added to improve the game and make it safer. Moreover, standardization of the weight of the ball, length and width of the bat plus the length of stumps were enhanced.

Although the rules of cricket differ slightly among the 50 over matches, the twenty20 cricket, and the Test cricket, we shall look at the rules of cricket for the Test cricket, which is a more traditional form of cricket.

The Rules of CricketThe Rules of cricket


In cricket, each team has eleven players and a reserve player called the “twelfth man.” He is a substitute in case a player is injured during a game. However, he is not allowed to bowl, bat, wicket-keep or even captain the team. His primary role is to act as a substitute fielder and in case the original player recovers, he is called off the field.

Two umpires are on the field to referee the game, and a third one is off the field in charge of video decisions. The third umpire is called upon to review the footage in the instance a call is too close for the field umpires. View more about rules of cricket at

Game structure

In Test cricket, a team needs to bowl out the opposing team twice while scoring more runs to win. Consequently, the game spans over two innings. Once the captain has won the coin toss done by an official, he chooses whether to bowl, the objective of the bowling team will be to bowl out ten players.

The batting team will try score runs and will be doing it in pairs. When all the batsmen are dismissed, an innings is closed. During a follow-on, the team that batted first can let the opposing team bat twice immediately, if or when they have scored less than 200 runs. It will enable the team that enforced the follow-on to win without batting again.

Scoring runs

To score one run, batsmen have to run to each other’s end. As well as running, they can score by hitting boundaries. A boundary score has four or six runs, a ‘four’ is when the ball hits the ground before the boundary, and a ‘six’ is the ball that passes the boundary without hitting the ground. Any runs after the four or six are canceled.

Below are some of the runs that can be scored and awarded to the team, but not the individual batter.

A no ball – The team can earn one run, and the batter can score a run off a no ball. However, for a no ball to occur three instances must be identified. First, the bowler has to bowl from a wrong place. Secondly, when the bowler straightens his elbow during delivery and bowls towards the body of the batsman it is declared dangerous. The third incidence is when any of the fielders are standing in illegal areas, or the ball bounces more than twice or even rolls before reaching the batsman.

A wide ball – When the ball bounces over the head of a batsman or he does not have an opportunity to score, an umpire can call the ball “wide”. A wide ball adds a run to the team, additionally, to any run scored by the batter. A wide delivery cannot dismiss a batsman unless he is stumped, run out, he knocks out his wicket or obstruct the field.

Bye and leg bye – Runs scored when a ball, which is neither a no ball nor a wide, passes the batsman it’s called a bye. A leg bye is a ball that hits the striker, but not his bat enabling him to still score a run. However, there is no score if the batsman did not try a stroke or avoid being hit.

Ways to get out

A bowler gets a wicket when he dismisses a batsman. A bowler for various reasons can give out a batsman, some of this reasons are listed below.

Bowled – During delivery when the ball hits any part of the batsman or bat, the batsman is given out. However, if the ball hits the umpire or another player, then the batsman is safe.

Caught – A ball caught by a fielder, bowler or wicket keeper before bouncing dismisses the batsman, as long as he touched the ball during delivery.

Leg before wicket (LBW) – During delivery, in a situation the ball hits the batsman and it would have hit the wicket if he were not there, but it was not pitched on the leg side of the wicket then the batsman is out. However, if the batsman was trying to strike the ball and he was hit outside the line on off the stump, then he is not out.

Stumped – The wicket keeper can dismiss the batsman by knocking down the wicket when he is out of his crease and not attempting to score a run.

Run out – While trying to run and no part of a batsman body or bat is inside his popping crease then the opposing team can somewhat put down his wicket.

Hit wicket – Cricket rules state that a batsman is out if he hits his wicket with his bat, body or while attempting his first run.

Handling the ball – A batsman is sent off if he handles the ball with the hand that is not holding the bat, this is without consent from the opposite team. The batsman is also out if he hits the ball twice other than purposefully trying to protect his wicket or with the approval of the opposing team.

Timed out – Once a batsman is given out, the incoming batsman must be at the non-striker’s end or ready to face the ball within three minutes; otherwise, he can be dismissed as well.

The twenty20 (T20) series has made the game more popular among the former colonies of Britain like India, Pakistan, South Africa, Zimbabwe and the Caribbean making it essential to learn the rules. There are many rules of cricket; however, these basics will enable you to either play or watch the game better. Moreover, the important rules can be learned gradually.

A Close Look at The History of Cricket

Cricket is an exciting bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams of eleven players each. Cricket is played on a field at the center of which is a rectangular twenty-two yard-long pitch. Statistics show that this sport has over 130 million players in various countries around the globe. Only association football is more popular than this intriguing game. World Twenty20 Cricket is one term many cricket followers are acquainted with. This showcase features the best cricket players from around the world.

Cricket’s primary object is simple. Each team takes its turn to bat with the aim of scoring runs, while the opposing team is in the field. Each turn is known as an inning. The bowler delivers the ball to the batsman. The batsman makes an earnest effort to hit the ball with his bat to an area not occupied by the fielders. This will give him an opportunity to run to the other end of the pitch and score a run for his team.

Each batsman continues batting until he is out. The batting team continues batting until 10 batsmen are out, or a particular number of overs of six balls have been bowled. At this point, teams alternate roles and the fielding team gets an opportunity to bat.

Understanding the basic rules and strategy of Cricket can be done within a short period of time, but skill is required for one to excel in this intriguing game. Let’s take a closer look at the second most popular sport in the world.

A Close Look at The History of CricketCricket’s Humble Beginning

Early cricket has been compared to ancient games called stob-ball, club-ball, and stool-ball. Cricket historians state that the earliest games can be traced back to the Tudor times in 16th-century England. There is written evidence exists showing a game known as Creag being played at Newenden, Kent by Prince Edward in 1301.

The first written evidence of this fascinating game points toward France. A letter was written to King Louis XI by a gentleman named Estiavannet. Estiavannet went into details about a game being played by the townspeople of Liettres. According to Estiavannet, the villagers of Liettres used a wooden post and balls.

Some cricket historians feel that Estiavannet described a different game known as croquet. The most solid reference of cricket being played dates back to evidence that surfaced at a court case in 1598. This high-profile court case highlighted that “Creckett” was played in Guildford, Surrey during 1550. The court listened to the testimony of John Derrick. Derrick was a 59-year-old coroner who shared his account of his time at The Free School at Guildford. Derrick stated that he and his classmates played creckett on the common land. Derrick’s testimony sheds some light on the theory that Surrey may be the birthplace of cricket.

It is a common belief that cricket began as a children’s game, but it evolved into a suitable game for adults around 1610. Adults began to fall in love with the game during this time period. Unfortunately, a player was struck in the heard during a game in 1624. Jasper Vinall was killed while playing in a match between two rivalry teams in Sussex.

Cricket’s First Important Match

Multiple references show that growth of cricket in the south-eastern part of England during the 17th century. By the end of this illustrious century, it became an organized activity being played for premium stakes. It is widely believed that the first professionals of the game surfaced in the years after the Restoration period (1660). A historic newspaper report details an exciting cricket match with eleven players on each a side. The high-stakes match took place in Surrex in 1697. This classic match is the first known sign of a cricket match with great importance.

Cricket’s Major Development

The game underwent major changes during the 18th century. Cricket became the national sport of England. Rich patrons started forming their own “Select Xis”. Their activities opened the door to betting. Cricket was played by people from all walks of life in London as early as 1707. Huge crowds attended the matches that took place on the Artillery Ground in Finsbury. The crowds were attracted to the single wicket form of the game. Many attendants were known to place heavy wagers on their favorite teams.

Back in the 1730’s, Fredrick Prince of Wales played a huge role in developing of the sport. Read more about Fredrick Prince of Wales at The technique of bowling began around 1760 when bowlers began to pitch the ball instead of skimming or rolling it towards the batsman. The technique led to a new bat design. The change in bat design helped players deal with a bouncing ball. The conventional “hockey stick” shape made it difficult for players to make contact with the ball. The new design (modern straight bat) made it possible for batters to deal with bowling.

Cricket Clubs

The Hambledon Club was created in the 1760’s. It dominated the scene for two decades. The MCC was formed and The Lord’s Old Ground was opened for grand play. The Hambledon Club was a very popular club. Over time, The MCC quickly became the game’s premier club and the rightful custodian of the Laws of Cricket.

Controversial Laws

New laws were introduced to players at the end of the 18th century. This included the leg before wicket and the three stump wicket. The first round-arm technique replaced underarm bowling in the 19th century. These changes were very controversial. Critics felt that these changes were not good for the sport. Click here to know more about the rules of cricket.

A New Beginning

Organization of the game at the county level led to county clubs. The Sussex CCC was the first county club. It was established in 1839. The official County Championship was established in 1890.

The British Empire played a major role in taking the game overseas. In the 19th century, cricket became popular in South Africa, New Zealand, and in India. It also become popular in North America, the Caribbean, and Australia. The first international cricket match took place in 1844 between Canada and the United States.

Cricket Tours and Rivalries

A team of English players went overseas to challenge teams in America in 1859. The games were fantastic and intense. Another team of English players toured Australia. Australian and English players were well-known for their heated rivalry.


Cricket continued to expand during the 20th century with the addition of new countries. Cricket entered into a golden area in 1975. The Cricket World Cup put the sport on an international platform.

Cricket is an intriguing international game that attracts the attention of people from all walks of life. Despite its humble beginnings, it has emerged as the second most popular sport in the world. World Twenty20 Cricket continues to take the game’s popularity to another level.